EFM (Normal)

  • This technology, used in approximately 87% of all labors in the U.S., tracks the fetal heart function against uterine contractions.
  • The normal fetal heart rate is approximately 120-160 beats per minute (bpm), although normal individual fetuses might be higher or lower than this range.
  • Beat-to-beat variability is literally the changes of the fetal heart rate from beat to beat (short-term variability), and within 3-5 minute periods (long-term variability). Beat-to-beat variability decreases or disappears for 20-30 minute time periods as the fetus sleeps, but is present in most normal labors and represents the health of the fetal brainstem.

Available sizes:

30 x 40 = $395 + shipping
36 x 48 = $425 + shipping
Digital  = $395

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