- Performed during surgery for gallbladder removal, this is an effective intraoperative radiographic test to look for either blockage or leakage in the biliary tree.
- This test may be performed prior to removing the gallbladder, or at any time a problem is suspected. A tiny catheter is threaded through a small incision in the cystic duct. Dye is injected into the biliary tract and x-rays are taken, allowing the surgeon to see which ducts are patent. Voids represent stones or tumors, and extravasation represents a leak in the system.
- While this test is very reliable in the case of a retained stone or suspected damage, outcome in patients having routine intraoperative cholangiography without apparent complication is the same as those in whom the test was not performed.
30 x 40 = $395 + shipping
36 x 48 = $425 + shipping
Digital = $395